Austria – National Day

Today is Austria’s National Day of Celebrating Independence, when we celebrate the signing of the Austrian State Treaty in 1955, a treaty that brought Austria freedom.

These are the events of 1955 that are celebrated

3 Comments on “Austria – National Day

  1. Just out of curiosity, what was the legal status of Austria from 1945 to 1955?  Was it anything like the position of Germany from 1945 to 1990 (or whenever it was that their status was regularised)?

  2. From here:

    In April 1945 Karl Renner, an Austrian elder statesman, declared Austria separate from Germany and set up a government which included socialists, conservatives and communists. This exceptionally wise action by Renner affected the view of the Allies who were to treat Austria more as a liberated, rather than a defeated country – this government being recognized by the Allies later that year. The country was occupied by the Allies from May 9, 1945 and under the Allied Commission for AustriaJuly 4, 1945, it was divided into Zones occupied respectively by American, British, French and Soviet Army personnel, with Vienna established by an agreement on being also divided similarly into four sectors – with an International Zone at its heart.

    Though under occupation, this Austrian government was officially permitted to conduct foreign relations with the approval of the Four Occupying Powers under the agreement of June 28, 1946. As part of this trend, Austria was one of the founding members of the Danube Commission formed on August 18, 1948. Austria would benefit from the Marshall Plan but economic recovery was very slow – as a result of the State’s 10 year political overseeing by the Allied Powers.

    I would describe it as independent as regards domestic politics, but occupied.

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